The 19th Congress of the Communist Party of China
Jung Mar, NACA Advisor
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) currently has 89 million members, about six percent of the population of 1.4 billion or 1 member for every 16 Chinese. By law, these CCP members are embedded in all walks of Chinese society and lead the legislature, the government, the military, education, and state-owned enterprises.
The CCP is a very adaptive organization. Every five years, achievements are measured and reported to the CCP Congress. New situations are assessed and the next five-year plan is formulated in great detail and proposed to the CCP Congress. During many closed and confidential sessions, the plan is reviewed. Local and national needs are debated and the plan is amended. The general membership of the CCP is represented by 2300 Congress delegates. These delegates have the responsibility of communicating the wishes of the people at large. They cast their votes on the new five-year plan and on the leadership for the next five-year.
The 19th Party Congress
Xi Jinping, as head of the CCP, delivered the Work Report to the Congress. It took 3 and a half hours. He reported on the work of the Party for the people of China in the last five years, the internal and external environment facing China for the future, and put forward a vision up to the year 2049. At that time, he expects that China will be completely modernized.
For the general public, the following points are of interest:
(1) On Education—Emphasize Chinese civilization, culture and values
(2) On Poverty—Lift the remaining 60 million people out of poverty by 2021
(3) On Stability—Manage China’s economic affairs for maximum stability
(4) On Society—Build a high tech and eco-friendly society
(5) On Sovereignty —Build a world class military
Wang Qishan, as head of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, delivered the anti-corruption report. A total of 1.4 million members, including very high level members, were deemed to have violated party rules and were disciplined. Wang also recommended tightening CCP member disciplinary rules further and introducing new laws to be passed by the National Legislature to cover all Chinese citizens. Anti-corruption is a serious drive and will continue in full force.
The Organization Department of the CCP proposed the candidates for the new Central Committee. The 2300 Congress delegates approved 204 candidates as full members and 172 as alternate members to the new Central Committee. The new Central Committee then elected a Standing Committee of 25 members and a Politburo of the Standing Committee of 7 members. The Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC) is chaired by Xi Jinping and is China’s highest policy decision making body.
The new Central Committee has many able members whom will be groomed to carry out the work towards the 20th Congress, which is the next time that the Central Committee membership may change.